The upward trend in data privacy legislation continued in 2022. According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, “[a]t least 35 states and the District of Columbia in 2022 introduced or considered almost 200 consumer privacy bills,” which is a significant increase from 160 bills in 2021.
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In a pair of recent enforcement actions, the Federal Trade Commission cracked down on companies with allegedly lax data security measures that resulted in the theft of personal information of millions of consumers.
On Oct. 25, 2022, the Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), Rohit Chopra, announced at a fintech conference that the CFPB “will launch the process to activate a dormant authority under Section 1033 of the Consumer Financial Protection Act . . . [to] provide for personal financial data rights for Americans . . .”
On Sept. 27, Michigan Sen. Rosemary Bayer and eight fellow Democrat cosponsors introduced Senate Bill 1182, which would create the Michigan Personal Data Privacy Act. The Michigan Legislature remains in session through the end of the year.
Insufficient data protection or information security can violate the prohibition against unfair acts or practices according to a circular released last week by the federal Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.
On Aug. 11, 2022, the Federal Trade Commission issued an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking seeking input that will shape potential rules “to crack down on harmful commercial surveillance and lax data security.”
Determining whether your business engages in activities that can trigger coverage is discussed by the Federal Trade Commission in just released guidance entitled “FTC Safeguards Rule: What Your Business Needs to Know.” The Rule applies to many businesses beyond the scope of what are commonly understood to be “financial institutions” and has implications for service providers to covered entities.
On May 10, Gov. Ned Lamont signed into law Substitute Senate Bill 6 (Public Act 22-15), Connecticut’s version of comprehensive consumer data privacy legislation. This makes Connecticut the fifth state to enact such legislation, following California, Virginia, Colorado, and Utah. The Act will go into effect July 1, 2023.
On March 24, Utah Gov. Spence Cox signed into law SB 227, the Utah Consumer Privacy Act. This makes Utah the fourth state, behind California, Virginia, and Colorado, to enact comprehensive consumer data privacy legislation.
There are currently over 40 comprehensive consumer data privacy bills pending in the states as we enter the third month (for most states) of the legislative sessions.
The Federal Trade Commission recently amended the Safeguards Rule, 16 C.F.R. § 314.1, et seq., with significant changes to how an information security program should be designed, what it must include, and who needs to be in charge.
Despite the national and global events that took center stage in 2021, the upward trend in data privacy legislation at the state level continued and with the addition of the amendments to the Safeguards Rule, 2022 brings new compliance challenges for many businesses and financial institutions.