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Posts tagged as “Foreclosure”

Bankruptcy Court Holds Mortgagee’s Secured Claim Not Time-Barred

The U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Middle District of Florida recently overruled a debtor’s objection to a mortgagee’s secured claim and denied the debtor’s motion to determine secured status, holding that the issues should have been brought by adversary proceeding, and in any event neither Florida’s statute of limitations nor its statute of repose barred enforcement of the note and mortgage. A copy of the opinion in In re Anthony is available at: Link to Opinion. A mortgagee filed a mortgage foreclosure action in Florida state court in 2009. The complaint contained a paragraph accelerating the note. The mortgagee also…

Florida Court Holds Third Party Purchaser During Foreclosure Had No Standing to Appeal

The District Court of Appeal of Florida, Second District, recently dismissed the appeal of a foreclosure judgment by a third party purchaser of the collateral property, where the third party purchased the collateral property while it was the subject of a foreclosure proceeding and a recorded lis pendens. In so ruling, the Appellate Court confirmed a third party purchaser had no standing to appeal a final judgment of foreclosure where the purchaser did not appeal a prior denial of its motion to intervene, even though the third party purchaser’s name was erroneously placed in the style of the uniform final…

Florida Appellate Court Holds Trial Court Improperly Failed to Dismiss Foreclosure

The District Court of Appeal of the State of Florida, Fifth District, recently held that the trial court erred by denying the borrower’s motion to involuntarily dismiss a foreclosure action, because the plaintiff mortgagee’s counsel failed to properly introduce evidence to reestablish the lost note, prove that it had standing to foreclose, prove the amount owed, and demonstrate compliance with the mortgage’s condition precedent of giving notice of default. A copy of the opinion in Figueroa v. Federal National Mortgage Association, etc., et al is available at: Link to Opinion. A servicer foreclosed alleging that the borrower defaulted under the note by failing…

Florida Court Rejects Third Party Record Title Holder’s Attempts to Prevent Foreclosure Sale

The District Court of Appeal of Florida, Second District, recently affirmed the trial court’s denial of a third party record title holder’s motion to cancel a mortgage foreclosure sale, even though the third party movant acquired title in a prior homeowners association lien foreclosure action, and even though the third party movant alleged that the mortgagee thwarted its redemption rights by supposedly failing to provide an estoppel letter. A copy of the opinion in Whitburn, LLC v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. is available at:  Link to Opinion. In December 2012, a mortgagee filed a foreclosure action along with a lis pendens against…

Florida Court Reverses Foreclosure as to Note With Undated Indorsement, Other Evidentiary Issues

The District Court of Appeals of the State of Florida, Fourth District, recently reversed final judgment of foreclosure in favor of a mortgagee for entry of judgment in favor of the mortgagors, where the mortgagee failed to prove that it came into possession of the note containing an undated, blank endorsement before the foreclosure was filed. In so ruling, the Fourth District confirmed that a trial court abuses its discretion in admitting business records if it is not established that the records were made at or near the time of the event. In addition, the Fourth District held that a…

Florida Court Reverses Dismissal of FDCPA Allegations in Foreclosure Action

The Appellate Division of the Fifteenth Judicial Circuit of the State of Florida recently reversed dismissal of a federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) claim alleging a debt collector’s letter falsely represented a bank was the creditor of a loan. In so ruling, the Appellate Division confirmed that even though a foreclosure action is not necessarily debt collection, the enforcement of a promissory note constitutes debt collection activity even if done in conjunction with the enforcement of a security interest, and even the debt collector stated it was seeking solely to foreclose the creditor’s lien on the real estate,…

Florida Court Confirms Substituted Foreclosure Plaintiff Must Prove Standing of Original Plaintiff

The District Court of Appeal of Florida, Second District, recently reversed a final judgment of foreclosure where a substituted plaintiff failed to prove the original plaintiff had standing when suit was filed. In so ruling, the Appellate Court confirmed that it is not enough for a plaintiff to prove standing when the case is tried, it must also prove standing when the complaint was filed. A copy of the opinion is available at:  Link to Opinion. A mortgagee initiated a residential foreclosure action after borrowers defaulted, and the borrowers responded that the mortgagee lacked standing.  An assignee was then substituted…

MD Fla. Disagrees With, Distinguishes Beauvais in Fla. Foreclosure Statute of Limitations Case

The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida recently confirmed that Florida’s statute of limitations did not bar a mortgagee from filing a new foreclosure action based on non-payment or other kinds of defaults within the past five years, even where the prior foreclosure action was dismissed without prejudice and acceleration of the mortgage occurred more than five years prior to the second foreclosure action. In so ruling, the Court dismissed an amended complaint for declaratory judgment seeking to invalidate a mortgage. A copy of the opinion is available at:  Link to Opinion. A property owner sought a…

Florida Court Cuts Off Extensive Discovery Requests to Mortgagee as to Standing, Satisfaction of Mortgage

The District Court of Appeal of Florida, First District, recently denied a property owner’s effort to appeal the trial court’s order limiting the property owner’s extensive discovery requests to a mortgagee relating to standing and satisfaction of mortgage. In so ruling, the Appellate Court concluded that the trial court’s order limiting discovery did not effectively eviscerate the property owner’s affirmative defenses. A copy of the opinion is available at:  Link to Opinion. A property owner propounded broad discovery requests related to the defenses that the mortgagee lacked standing to foreclose; and that all mortgages on the property had been satisfied…

Florida Bankruptcy Court Holds Debtor Who ‘Surrenders’ Property in BK Cannot Impede Foreclosure

The U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Middle District of Florida recently held that, at a minimum, “surrender” under Bankruptcy Code §§ 521 and 1325 means a debtor cannot take an overt act that impedes a secured creditor from foreclosing its interest in secured property. In so holding, the Court found that actively contesting a post-bankruptcy foreclosure case is inconsistent with a “surrender” of the property. A copy of the opinion is available at:  Link to Opinion. The Court addressed two separate bankruptcy cases.  The first was a Chapter 7 bankruptcy case, in which the mortgagee instituted a foreclosure action five…

Florida Appellate Court Confirms Mortgagee Need Only Prove FMV to Obtain Foreclosure Deficiency Judgment

The District Court of Appeal of Florida, Fifth District, recently reversed the denial of a motion for deficiency judgment in a foreclosure action, holding that the trial court erroneously required the mortgagee to introduce into evidence the final judgment of foreclosure previously entered in the same case to demonstrate the amount of debt owed. A copy of the opinion is available at:  Link to Opinion. The trial court granted summary judgment of foreclosure in favor of the mortgagee, specifically reserving jurisdiction to enter further orders, including deficiency judgments.  The borrower did not appeal the judgment of foreclosure. The mortgagee then…

Florida Appellate Court Holds Statute of Limitations Did Not Bar Re-Filed Foreclosure

The District Court of Appeal of the State of Florida for the First District recently held that the statute of limitations does not bar a second mortgage foreclosure action based on a subsequent default, regardless of whether the first case was dismissed with or without prejudice. A copy of the opinion is available at: Link to Opinion. The borrowers defaulted on their mortgage in February of 2007. In April of 2007, the plaintiff mortgagee’s predecessor in interest accelerated the note based on the February, 2007 breach and sued to foreclose the mortgage. The case was dismissed without prejudice in October…