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First Circuit Holds Mortgagor Cannot Sue Mortgagee to Quiet Title in Title Theory State

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit recently affirmed the dismissal of two mortgagors’ quiet title allegations against a mortgagee, holding that the plaintiff mortgagors could not assert a quiet title claim under Rhode Island law against the mortgagee defendants because Rhode Island is a title theory state, and the mortgagors’ equitable interest in title to the property at issue was not adverse to the mortgagee’s legal interest in title. A copy of the opinion is available at: Link to Opinion. The plaintiff mortgagors (one of whom is an attorney) claimed uncertainty as to which entity held an…

NY High Court: Only Possession of Note is Required to Have Standing to Foreclose

The New York Court of Appeals recently confirmed that, under New York state law, a loan servicer had standing to foreclose on delinquent borrowers based only upon the servicer’s demonstrated possession of the note evidencing the borrowers’ loan since the time the foreclosure action was filed. The Court also held that, although the loan servicer’s affidavit set out sufficient facts to show exclusive possession and control of the note prior to the date the foreclosure action was filed, the affidavit would have been better and clearer if it had also included facts describing how the servicer came into possession of…

Consumer Financial Services Conference Slated for Nov. 19-20 in Chicago

The Annual Consumer Financial Services Conference organized by The Conference on Consumer Finance Law, and co-sponsored by the Loyola University Chicago School of Law, Maurice Wutscher and other law firms, will be held Nov. 19-20, in Chicago. The conference will include presentations by some 45 of the best and brightest speakers and practitioners in the country, on the following topics: TCPA: The New FCC Order Fair Lending and HMDA CFPB Administrative Appeals Arbitration Developments UDAAP Cybersecurity CFPB Regulation of Non-Bank Auto Finance TRID: Issues and Implementation Flood and Lender-Placed Insurance Mortgage Servicing and Bankruptcy State Regulation of Debt Collection/Debt Buyers Credit…

California Appellate Court Holds Tender Not Required for HBOR

The Court of Appeal of the State of California, Second Appellate District, recently reversed a trial court’s dismissal of a complaint alleging a servicer violated California’s Homeowner Bill of Rights by proceeding with a trustee’s sale when the servicer and the borrowers were allegedly exploring a loan modification. In so ruling, the Appellate Court made two key holdings: First, the Appellate Court held that a borrower does not need to tender the balance due prior to instituting a suit for alleged violation of the HBOR. Second, the Appellate Court also held that a borrower’s failure to timely provide the documents…

Ninth Circuit Holds Debt Collector Did Not Violate FDCPA By Charging Pre-Judgment Interest

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently held that a debt collector’s demand seeking 10 percent interest that was not expressly authorized by the debt agreement did not violate the federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act or California’s equivalent Rosenthal Act, because the pre-judgment interest was permitted by state law. A copy of the opinion is available at: Link to Opinion. The plaintiff incurred a debt for dental services in 2011. The provider referred the debt to a collection agency, which sent a demand letter in May 2012 seeking the principal balance owed, plus interest at 10…

CFPB Proposes to Delay TRID to October 3, 2015

As referenced in our prior update, the federal Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) issued a proposed rule to change the effective date for the “Know Before You Owe” TILA-RESPA Integrated Disclosure rule to October 3, 2015. A copy of the proposed rule and request for public comment is available at: Click Here The CFPB previously indicated the effective date would be delayed to Oct. 1, 2015. The CFPB stated that it “is proposing a new effective date of Saturday, October 3,” explaining that “scheduling the effective date on a Saturday may facilitate implementation by giving industry time over the weekend…

Webinar: The FDCPA and Estimates of Mortgage Lenders’ Costs

Providing statements of the amount due, or of the amount required to cure a default – such as in Notices of Intention to Foreclose, periodic statements, and the like — has become risky for mortgage servicers under a recent ruling from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. The ruling, Kaymark v. Bank of America, involved a foreclosure complaint, which included projected fees and costs that had not yet been incurred at the time the complaint was filed. Ultimately the costs were incurred, but the court found that the foreclosure complaint’s inclusion of the projected fees and costs in the amounts…

Federal Banking Regulators Issue Joint Final Flood Insurance Rule

Five of the federal banking regulatory agencies (FDIC, FRB, OCC, FCA, and NCUA) recently issued a joint final flood insurance rule, which among other things: Requires escrowing of flood insurance payments for non-exempt loans secured by residential improved real estate or mobile homes that are made, increased, extended or renewed on or after Jan. 1, 2016; Requires that borrowers be given the option to escrow flood insurance premiums and fees, as to residential loans extant as of Jan. 1, 2016; Clarifies that regulated lending institutions and servicers acting on their behalf are allowed to charge for lender-placed flood insurance; and States…

Illinois Court Holds 9% Statutory Interest Rate Applies to Amounts Due in Foreclosure Judgments

The Illinois Appellate Court, First District, recently affirmed a trial court’s final order in a foreclosure, refusing to vacate summary judgment in favor of the mortgagee, even though the notice of the relevant motions was mailed directly to the borrowers and not their attorney of record, and was originally missing the time of the hearing and the date it was mailed, and even though the borrowers argued that the trial court used the wrong interest rate to calculate the amounts due at sale. In so ruling, the Appellate Court held that the Illinois statutory rate of 9% interest is to…

FCC Approves TCPA Declaratory Ruling Amidst Dissent

The FCC voted a 3-2 majority ‘yes’ today on a TCPA declaratory ruling to expand the law in an attempt to prevent unwanted robocalls and “robotexts,” as well as spam and telemarketing calls to wireless phones. The package of rulings also included the approval of robocalling technologies, oral revocation of consent, redefinition of autodialers, as well as other stipulations and exemptions. The rulings addressed 19 petitions for declaratory rulings, one petition for rulemaking and one request for clarification. The rulings, as of this writing, have not been released. The commissioners’ discussions indicate they will address “autodialers,” and some emerging technologies. Exceptions…

CFPB to Issue Proposed Amendment Delaying TRID Effective Date to Oct. 1, 2015

The federal Consumer Financial Protection Bureau issued a brief press release yesterday, confirming reports that it would be issuing a proposed amendment to delay the effective date for the “Know Before You Owe” TILA-RESPA Integrated Disclosure (TRID) rule until Oct. 1, 2015. A copy of the press release is available at:  Press Release. The press release simply states: “The CFPB will be issuing a proposed amendment to delay the effective date of the Know Before You Owe rule until October 1, 2015. We made this decision to correct an administrative error that we just discovered in meeting the requirements under federal law,…

Lawmakers, Chamber: TCPA Proposal May Not Reduce Unwanted Sales Calls, Could Lead to Increased Litigation

U.S. lawmakers urged the Federal Communications Commission and the Federal Trade Commission to reconsider exemptions to the FCC’s new proposal to update rules that protect Americans from unwanted sales calls, saying that the reforms may not be effective in reducing TCPA violations. In advance of the FCC meeting to vote on Chairman Tom Wheeler’s proposal, U.S. Rep. Tony Cardenas, D-Calif., and fellow members of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce Reps. Jerry McNerney, D-Calif., Leonard Lance, R-N.J., and Gus Bilirakis R-Fla. said the increased TCPA rules in the FCC’s proposal may in fact make it easier for companies to target consumers, rather than…