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Posts published in “TILA”

9th Cir. Holds Foreclosure Trustee Not FDCPA ‘Debt Collector’

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently held that the trustee of a California deed of trust securing a real estate loan was not a “debt collector” under the federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, because the trustee was not attempting to collect money from the borrower. In so ruling, the Court held that “actions taken to facilitate a non-judicial foreclosure, such as sending the notice of default and notice of sale, are not attempts to collect ‘debt’ as that term is defined by the FDCPA.” The Court also vacated the dismissal of the borrower’s federal Truth…

4th Cir. Holds Foreclosure is FDCPA ‘Debt Collection,’ Mere Servicer Need Not Provide TILA Notice of Assignment of Loan

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit recently confirmed that a law firm and its employees, who pursued foreclosure on behalf of creditors, were acting as “debt collectors” under the federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) when they pursued foreclosure proceedings against a borrower. In so ruling, the Court also confirmed that a servicer that does not also own the mortgage loan does not have a duty to provide notice of the sale and assignment of a loan to itself under the federal Truth in Lending Act (TILA) merely because it accepts the assignment of the deed…

6th Cir. Confirms No TILA Right to Cancel for Failure to Disclose Assignment of Loan

The U.S. Court of Appeal for the Sixth Circuit recently confirmed that a mortgagee’s alleged failure to notify borrowers of an assignment of the loan does not give rise to a right to cancel under the federal Truth In Lending Act (TILA). A copy of the opinion in Robertson v. US Bank, NA is available at:  Link to Opinion. A mortgagee initiated a foreclosure action, and the borrowers responded with a “notice of rescission” to the mortgagee and the mortgagee’s counsel, alleging that the mortgagee had violated the federal Truth in Lending Act and that the mortgagee lacked standing to foreclose.…

5th Cir. Holds Tax Buyers Not Subject to TILA

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit recently held that a transfer of a tax lien to a tax buyer under Texas law does not constitute an extension of credit that is subject to the federal Truth in Lending Act (TILA). A copy of the opinion in Billings v. Propel Financial Services, LLC is available at:  Link to Opinion. In four consolidated cases, the plaintiffs were individuals who agreed to have the defendant property tax buyers pay their real estate taxes in exchange for the transfer of their tax liens pursuant to Sections 32.06 and 32.065 of the Texas…

How Spokeo May Limit Consumer Financial Services Litigation

Yesterday’s decision from the U.S. Supreme Court in Spokeo v. Robins should bolster the defense of companies subject to several federal consumer protection statutes. The ruling addresses lawsuits that claim an injury created solely by the violation of a federal statute and require the plaintiff to demonstrate not only that the statute was violated, but that the plaintiff herself suffered harm. The opinion does not go as far as many in the consumer financial services industry would have liked (not all injuries must be “tangible”), but it does close the door on civil lawsuits many have faced. The opinion was…

2nd Cir. Holds ‘Habit and Routine Practice’ Evidence Proper in TILA, Common Law Fraud Action

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit recently affirmed a district court’s denial of a borrower’s post-verdict motions following the trial of federal Truth in Lending Act and common law fraud allegations. In so ruling, the Second Circuit held that: (1) the trial court properly admitted “habit and routine practice” evidence, over the borrower’s objection that this evidence was actually inadmissible “propensity evidence;” and (2) the trial court properly admitted photocopies of various loan documents into evidence, over the borrower’s objections of lack of authentication and the “best evidence” rule. A copy of the opinion in Crawford v. Franklin…

11th Cir. Refuses to Hold Assignee Liable Under TILA for Failing to Provide Payoff Statement

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit recently upheld the dismissal of federal Truth in Lending Act (TILA) allegations that sought to hold the assignee of a mortgage loan liable for the mortgage loan servicer’s supposed failure to comply with the borrower’s written request for a payoff statement. In so ruling, the Court held that TILA creates a cause of action against an assignee where violation is “apparent on the face of the disclosure statement provided in connection with [a mortgage loan] transaction pursuant to this subchapter,” and that an alleged failure to provide a payoff statement is…

Could Spokeo Mean Rough Road Ahead for FCRA, TCPA, FDCPA Plaintiffs?

Yesterday’s oral argument before the U.S. Supreme Court in Spokeo v. Robins suggests a struggle to fashion an understanding of what can constitute an “injury in fact.” It pitted the issue of whether a plaintiff’s standing to sue requires a tangible, concrete injury (loss of money, a job or property right) against the concept that the law can identify a “harm” (in this case, inaccurate information in a credit report) which itself is a real injury. Finding the Injury Spokeo v. Robins concerns an alleged violation of the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Robins claimed Spokeo compiled a report about him that contained false information…

8th Cir. Holds TILA’s ‘$35 Tolerance’ Right to Cancel in Foreclosures Must Be Exercised After Foreclosure Initiated

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit recently rejected an attempt to rescind a mortgage loan and recover damages under the federal Truth in Lending Act (TILA), affirming the district court’s grant of summary judgment in favor of the mortgagee because the borrowers only tried to cancel their mortgage loan before foreclosure proceedings were initiated, and not thereafter. Therefore, the Court held, the borrowers did not qualify for TILA’s expanded right to rescind in foreclosure arising under 15 U.S.C. § 1635(i)(2). A copy of the opinion is available at: Link to Opinion. On September 28, 2009, the borrowers…

CFPB Issues Final Rule Delaying TRID Effective Date to Oct. 3, 2015

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has issued its final rule confirming the delay of the effective date of the TILA-RESPA Integrated Disclosures (TRID) rule to Oct. 3, 2015. A copy of the final rule is available at:  Link to Final Rule. The final rule also makes certain technical corrections, including: Amending 12 CFR § 1026.38(i)(8)(ii) and (iii)(A) to “include, in the amount disclosed as ‘Final’ for Adjustments and Other Credits, the amount disclosed under § 1026.38(j)(1)(iii) for certain personal property sales, thus conforming the calculation of Adjustments and Other Credits on the Closing Disclosure and Loan Estimate;” and Amending 12 CFR…

CFPB to Issue Proposed Amendment Delaying TRID Effective Date to Oct. 1, 2015

The federal Consumer Financial Protection Bureau issued a brief press release yesterday, confirming reports that it would be issuing a proposed amendment to delay the effective date for the “Know Before You Owe” TILA-RESPA Integrated Disclosure (TRID) rule until Oct. 1, 2015. A copy of the press release is available at:  Press Release. The press release simply states: “The CFPB will be issuing a proposed amendment to delay the effective date of the Know Before You Owe rule until October 1, 2015. We made this decision to correct an administrative error that we just discovered in meeting the requirements under federal law,…

U.S. Supreme Court to Take Up Whether Complete Relief to Class Litigant Moots Class Claims

Statutory damage claims, like those under the TCPA and the FCRA, will be scrutinized in the next session of the U.S. Supreme Court and its decisions could have broad implications for the financial services industry. Today we look at one of the cases the court will consider, Gomez v. Campbell-Ewald Co. The case considers whether an offer of complete relief to a litigant will extinguish both her individual claims and, prior to class certification, render her class claims moot. A decision will likely impact litigation under the FDCPA, TILA, EFTA and other federal laws, which can expose financial services companies to…