Archive for March 2017

Calif. App. Court (2nd Dist) Holds Res Judicata Did Not Bar TILA Action Based on Prior Contract Action

The Court of Appeal of California, Second District, recently held the dismissal of a borrower’s breach of contract claim in a prior lawsuit did not bar a claim in a subsequent lawsuit for violation of the federal Truth in Lending Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1601, et seq., even if the breach of contract and TILA

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Maryland High Court Holds Defendant Waived Arbitration by Filing Collection Action, No Prejudice Required for Waiver

The Court of Appeals of Maryland, the state’s highest court, recently held that a debt collector waived its contractual right to arbitrate the claims against it when it chose to litigate the collection action outside of arbitration. The Court also held that a finding of prejudice was not required under Maryland law to find waiver

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Illinois App. Court (1st Dist) Holds Mortgagee’s Affidavit for Alternative Service Fatally Deficient

The Appellate Court of Illinois, First District, recently vacated a default foreclosure judgment in favor of a mortgagee and against a borrower because the mortgagee’s affidavit in support of its motion for alternative service did not establish the required due diligence demonstrating the investigation made to determine the borrower’s whereabouts, and the trial court therefore

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5th Cir. Holds No Wrongful Foreclosure Without Completed Foreclosure Sale, Substitute Trustee Fraudulently Joined

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit recently affirmed a trial court’s denial of a mortgagor’s motion for remand because the non-diverse substitute foreclosure trustee was improperly joined in order to defeat diversity jurisdiction. The Fifth Circuit also affirmed the trial court’s summary judgment ruling in favor of the trustee and loan servicer

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3rd Cir. Holds HPA’s Auto-Term Date for PMI Uses Original Value, Not Modification Value

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit recently held that the calculation of the private mortgage insurance (PMI) automatic termination date under the federal Homeowners Protection Act, 12 U.S.C. § 4901 et seq., for modified loans is tied to the initial purchase price of the home, not the updated property value used for

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8th Cir. BAP Holds Secured Creditor Has No Duty to Verify Ownership or Possession of Collateral

The Bankruptcy Appellate Panel for the Eighth Circuit recently held that a secured creditor obtained a valid lien on collateral because technical defects in the bill of sale did not invalidate a transfer of title to the collateral, and rejected the argument that the secured creditor should have inspected the bill of sale before advancing

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Fla. App. Court (1st DCA) Holds Borrowers Waived FHA’s ‘Face to Face’ Requirement as Affirmative Defense

The District Court of Appeal of Florida, First District, recently held that borrowers waive their affirmative defense that a mortgagee did not comply with HUD’s “face-to-face” condition precedent to foreclosure when they fail to raise the defense until their closing argument at trial. The First District also held that even if the borrowers had timely

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Fla. App. Court (3rd DCA) Holds Statutory Attorney Fee Reciprocity Does Not Apply in ‘Lack of Standing’ Foreclosure Cases

The District Court of Appeal of the State of Florida, Third District, recently reversed an award of attorney’s fees to a borrower pursuant to section 57.105, Florida Statutes, holding that because the borrower prevailed on her argument that the foreclosing mortgagee lacked standing to enforce the note and mortgage, there was no contract between the

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9th Cir. Holds Servicer May Have Violated UDAP by Soliciting Trial Mod Payments After Determining Borrower Ineligible

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently reversed an award of summary judgment in favor of a mortgage loan servicer, holding that the evidence could support a verdict that the servicer engaged in an unfair business practice by accepting trial modification plan payments when it had previously determined the borrower was not

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Fla. App. Court (2nd DCA) Indicates FHA ‘Face-to-Face’ Requirement Applies to ‘Mortgagee and Loan Servicer’

The District Court of Appeal of the State of Florida, Second District, recently reversed a summary judgment award in favor of the borrowers in a foreclosure action, finding a triable issue of material fact existed concerning whether the face-to-face counseling requirements of 24 C.F.R. § 203.604 applied, as the mortgagee did not submit evidence “as

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4th Cir. Rejects Bankruptcy Trustee’s Effort to Hold Bank Liable for Fraudulent Transfers

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit recently held that certain deposits and wire transfers into a bankrupt debtor’s personal, unrestricted checking account in the ordinary course of business were not “transfers” under § 101(54) of the Bankruptcy Code, affirming the district court’s and bankruptcy court’s entry of summary judgment in favor of

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8th Cir. Confirms Doc Prep Fees Violate Missouri UPL Statute, Upholds Application to Out-of-State Class Members Due to Choice-of-Law Provision

In a “doc prep fee UPL” class action, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit recently affirmed a trial court’s rulings as to class certification and application of a choice-of-law provision on a class-wide basis. In so ruling, the Court also reversed and remanded the lower court’s determination that the attorney’s fees for

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