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Posts published in “Mortgage Law”

Florida Court Confirms Substituted Foreclosure Plaintiff Must Prove Standing of Original Plaintiff

The District Court of Appeal of Florida, Second District, recently reversed a final judgment of foreclosure where a substituted plaintiff failed to prove the original plaintiff had standing when suit was filed. In so ruling, the Appellate Court confirmed that it is not enough for a plaintiff to prove standing when the case is tried, it must also prove standing when the complaint was filed. A copy of the opinion is available at:  Link to Opinion. A mortgagee initiated a residential foreclosure action after borrowers defaulted, and the borrowers responded that the mortgagee lacked standing.  An assignee was then substituted…

MD Fla. Disagrees With, Distinguishes Beauvais in Fla. Foreclosure Statute of Limitations Case

The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida recently confirmed that Florida’s statute of limitations did not bar a mortgagee from filing a new foreclosure action based on non-payment or other kinds of defaults within the past five years, even where the prior foreclosure action was dismissed without prejudice and acceleration of the mortgage occurred more than five years prior to the second foreclosure action. In so ruling, the Court dismissed an amended complaint for declaratory judgment seeking to invalidate a mortgage. A copy of the opinion is available at:  Link to Opinion. A property owner sought a…

Florida Court Cuts Off Extensive Discovery Requests to Mortgagee as to Standing, Satisfaction of Mortgage

The District Court of Appeal of Florida, First District, recently denied a property owner’s effort to appeal the trial court’s order limiting the property owner’s extensive discovery requests to a mortgagee relating to standing and satisfaction of mortgage. In so ruling, the Appellate Court concluded that the trial court’s order limiting discovery did not effectively eviscerate the property owner’s affirmative defenses. A copy of the opinion is available at:  Link to Opinion. A property owner propounded broad discovery requests related to the defenses that the mortgagee lacked standing to foreclose; and that all mortgages on the property had been satisfied…

Florida Bankruptcy Court Holds Debtor Who ‘Surrenders’ Property in BK Cannot Impede Foreclosure

The U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Middle District of Florida recently held that, at a minimum, “surrender” under Bankruptcy Code §§ 521 and 1325 means a debtor cannot take an overt act that impedes a secured creditor from foreclosing its interest in secured property. In so holding, the Court found that actively contesting a post-bankruptcy foreclosure case is inconsistent with a “surrender” of the property. A copy of the opinion is available at:  Link to Opinion. The Court addressed two separate bankruptcy cases.  The first was a Chapter 7 bankruptcy case, in which the mortgagee instituted a foreclosure action five…

Fla. App. Ct. (3rd DCA) Applies ‘After Acquired Title’ Doctrine to Save Mortgage Loan

The Third District Court of Appeal of the State of Florida recently affirmed the entry of summary judgment in favor of a mortgagee and against the purchaser at a condominium association assessment foreclosure sale based on the after-acquired title doctrine. A copy of the opinion is available at: Link to Opinion. In July 2007, the borrowers obtained a mortgage loan secured by a condominium unit at a luxury building in Miami Beach. Although the mortgage contained the usual covenant that the borrowers owned legal title to and had the right to mortgage the property, the property was in fact owned…

NJ Fed. Court Reverses Bankr. Court Ruling that Foreclosure Was Barred by NJ Six-Year Statute of Limitations

The U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey recently held that New Jersey’s 20-year statute of limitations for residential foreclosures applied to a re-filed foreclosure action, reversing a bankruptcy court’s ruling that the shorter six-year statute of limitations period applied. A copy of the opinion is available at:  Link to Opinion. The borrower obtained a $520,000 mortgage loan in February 2007.  The Mortgage and Note listed March 1, 2037 as the maturity date.  The borrower defaulted in July 2007, and a foreclosure action was filed.  However, the foreclosure action was later dismissed for want of prosecution, and then…

Feds State They Will Expect ‘Good Faith Efforts to Comply’ With TRID

The federal banking regulators (including the CFPB) confirmed in an Oct. 1 letter that “[e]xaminers will expect supervised entities to make good faith efforts to comply with the [‘Know Before You Owe’ TILA-RESPA Integrated Disclosure] Rule’s requirements in a timely manner.” More specifically, “examiners will consider the institution’s implementation plan, including actions taken to update policies, procedures, and processes; its training of appropriate staff; and its handling of early technical problems or other implementation challenges.” A copy of the letter issued by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) is available here. The CFPB’s related press release is available…

Illinois Court Holds New Mortgagee May Be Substituted After Foreclosure Sale, Indicates Borrower’s Counsel May Be Sanctioned

The Illinois Appellate Court, First District, recently held that a failure to file a motion to substitute plaintiff in a pending foreclosure proceeding prior to the judicial sale did not invalidate the sale. Also, considering the absence of any meaningful argument advanced on appeal, the Court further ordered counsel for defendant to show cause why he should not be sanctioned. A copy of the opinion is available at: Link to Opinion. The mortgagee filed a foreclosure action, and a judgment of foreclosure was ultimately entered. Thereafter, the mortgagee transferred servicing to a new mortgagee. The new mortgagee appeared at the…

Florida Appellate Court Confirms Mortgagee Need Only Prove FMV to Obtain Foreclosure Deficiency Judgment

The District Court of Appeal of Florida, Fifth District, recently reversed the denial of a motion for deficiency judgment in a foreclosure action, holding that the trial court erroneously required the mortgagee to introduce into evidence the final judgment of foreclosure previously entered in the same case to demonstrate the amount of debt owed. A copy of the opinion is available at:  Link to Opinion. The trial court granted summary judgment of foreclosure in favor of the mortgagee, specifically reserving jurisdiction to enter further orders, including deficiency judgments.  The borrower did not appeal the judgment of foreclosure. The mortgagee then…

SD Fla. Provides Mixed Ruling on RESPA RFI Responses, Property Inspection Fees Assessed Post-Default

The U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida recently dismissed with prejudice a borrowers’ allegations that a loan servicer’s response to their request for information regarding drive-by property inspections violated the federal Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA), and dismissed the remaining state-law allegations that the drive-by inspections violated the Florida Consumer Collection Practices Act (FCCPA) for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. A copy of the opinion is available here: Link to Opinion. The borrowers defaulted on their home mortgage loan.  The loan servicer began conducting drive-by inspections pursuant to the mortgage. The borrowers sent a letter to the…

Florida Appellate Court Holds Statute of Limitations Did Not Bar Re-Filed Foreclosure

The District Court of Appeal of the State of Florida for the First District recently held that the statute of limitations does not bar a second mortgage foreclosure action based on a subsequent default, regardless of whether the first case was dismissed with or without prejudice. A copy of the opinion is available at: Link to Opinion. The borrowers defaulted on their mortgage in February of 2007. In April of 2007, the plaintiff mortgagee’s predecessor in interest accelerated the note based on the February, 2007 breach and sued to foreclose the mortgage. The case was dismissed without prejudice in October…

9th Circ. Reverses Denial of Class Certification in RESPA Section 8 Action

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently held that the district court abused its discretion in denying a plaintiff’s motion to certify a class of home buyers alleging that a scheme involving a title insurer buying minority interests in title agencies in exchange for referral of future title insurance business violated the federal Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA), affirming in part, vacating in part and remanding for further proceedings. In so ruling, the Court held that the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s position in its amicus brief was not entitled to Chevron deference, because the CFPB was…