Press "Enter" to skip to content

Posts published in “Loan Modification”

Calif. App. Court (3rd Dist) Holds Loan Mod Denial Letter Allowing Only 15 Days to Appeal Was ‘Material Violation’ of HBOR

The Court of Appeal of the State of California, Third Appellate District, recently held that a mortgage servicer violated California’s Homeowner Bill of Rights (HBOR), Civ. Code § 2923.6(d), when it sent a borrower a loan modification denial letter stating that the homeowner had only 15 days to appeal the denial. In so ruling, the Appellate Court held that the servicer’s denial letter was a material violation of section 2923.6, and therefore the homeowner alleged a valid cause of action for injunctive relief under section 2924.12. A copy of the opinion in Berman v. HSBC Bank USA, N.A is available…

Calif. App. Court (2nd Dist) Holds Res Judicata Did Not Bar TILA Action Based on Prior Contract Action

The Court of Appeal of California, Second District, recently held the dismissal of a borrower’s breach of contract claim in a prior lawsuit did not bar a claim in a subsequent lawsuit for violation of the federal Truth in Lending Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1601, et seq., even if the breach of contract and TILA claims were based on the same set of underlying facts, because the right to full disclosures under TILA was a distinct primary right from the common law rights in contract. However, although the Appellate Court determined that the dismissal based on the doctrines of res…

3rd Cir. Holds HPA’s Auto-Term Date for PMI Uses Original Value, Not Modification Value

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit recently held that the calculation of the private mortgage insurance (PMI) automatic termination date under the federal Homeowners Protection Act, 12 U.S.C. § 4901 et seq., for modified loans is tied to the initial purchase price of the home, not the updated property value used for a borrower’s modification. In so ruling, the Third Circuit rejected several arguments set forth by trade group amici, including reliance on Fannie Mae Servicing Guidelines that allow mortgage servicers to use the estimated value of the property used for a loan modification to calculate the…

9th Cir. Holds Servicer May Have Violated UDAP by Soliciting Trial Mod Payments After Determining Borrower Ineligible

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently reversed an award of summary judgment in favor of a mortgage loan servicer, holding that the evidence could support a verdict that the servicer engaged in an unfair business practice by accepting trial modification plan payments when it had previously determined the borrower was not eligible for a loan modification. A copy of the opinion Oskoui v. J.P. Morgan Chase Bank, N.A. is available at:  Link to Opinion. A borrower defaulted on her mortgage loan, and later applied for a loan modification.  The mortgage loan servicer sent her a letter…

Calif. App. Court Holds Servicer May Owe Borrower Duty of Care as to Loan Mod Efforts, Loan Owner May Be Liable

The Court of Appeal of the State of California, Sixth Appellate District, recently held that a loan owner may be liable for misrepresentations made by the loan servicer. The Court also held that a loan servicer may owe a duty of care to a borrower through application of the “Biakanja” factors, even though its involvement in the loan does not exceed its conventional role. A copy of the opinion in Daniels v. Select Portfolio Servicing, Inc. is available at:  Link to Opinion. In May 2005, the borrowers obtained an adjustable rate mortgage. In early 2008, the borrowers asked their servicer to…

9th Cir. Affirms Denial of Class Certification in HAMP Loan Modification MDL

In a consolidated multi-district litigation putative class action involving allegations of improper handling of HAMP loan modifications by a large mortgage servicer, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently affirmed the district court’s order denying the putative class plaintiffs’ motion for class certification, holding that the district court correctly determined that individual issues predominated over common issues. The opinion was not published, and is non-precedential.  A copy of the opinion in Hanna Bernard v. CitiMortgage Inc. is available at:  Link to Opinion. Among other things, the putative class plaintiffs alleged that the defendant servicer supposedly improperly denied permanent…

Florida Appellate Court Rejects Borrower’s Alleged Oral Modification of Mortgage Loan

The District Court of Appeal of the State of Florida, Fourth District, recently reversed a final judgment in favor of a borrower based on an alleged oral modification of the mortgage and the doctrine of promissory estoppel, holding that because the mortgage fell within the statute of frauds, it could not be orally modified, and that the trial court misapplied the doctrine of promissory estoppel. A copy of the opinion in Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC v. Jean Marie Delvar a/k/a Jean Delvar, et al. is available at:  Link to Opinion. A mortgagee sued to foreclose in April 2008. The borrower’s answer raised…

9th Cir. Confirms TILA Section 1641(g) Does Not Apply Retroactively

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently held that a 2009 amendment to the federal Truth in Lending Act (TILA), codified at 15 U.S.C. § 1641(g), which contains disclosure requirements for the sale or transfer of a mortgage loan, does not apply retroactively. A copy of the opinion in Mohammad Ali Talaie et al. v. Wells Fargo Bank NA et al. is available at:  Link to Opinion. The plaintiff homeowners brought a putative class action against two banks alleging violations of various federal and state laws and alleging claims arising out of the modification of the deed of trust…

5th Cir. Confirms Arrears Not Damages Caused by Alleged Loan Modification Fraud

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit recently rejected common law fraud and fraudulent inducement allegations brought by two borrowers arising from their default on a mortgage loan. In so ruling, the Fifth Circuit affirmed the district court’s order granting summary judgment in the mortgagees’ favor due to insufficient evidence of damages, and held that alleged misrepresentations in the course of loan modification efforts did not increase the arrearages as the arrearages would otherwise have been due under the terms of the mortgage loan. A copy of the opinion in Ronald Lawrence, Jr., et al v. Federal Home Loan…

California Appellate Court Holds Tender Not Required for HBOR

The Court of Appeal of the State of California, Second Appellate District, recently reversed a trial court’s dismissal of a complaint alleging a servicer violated California’s Homeowner Bill of Rights by proceeding with a trustee’s sale when the servicer and the borrowers were allegedly exploring a loan modification. In so ruling, the Appellate Court made two key holdings: First, the Appellate Court held that a borrower does not need to tender the balance due prior to instituting a suit for alleged violation of the HBOR. Second, the Appellate Court also held that a borrower’s failure to timely provide the documents…

California Court Holds HBOR Allows Borrowers to be Paid Attorney Fees for Preliminary Injunction

The Court of Appeal of the State of California, Third District, recently vacated a trial court order denying two borrowers’ motion for attorney fees and costs pursuant to Cal. Civ. Code § 2924.12 after they obtained a preliminary injunction as to the trustee’s sale of their home due to alleged “dual tracking” violations. A copy of the opinion is available at: Link to Opinion. Two borrowers filed an ex parte application for a temporary restraining order (“TRO”) to prevent the trustee’s sale of their residence, as well as a civil complaint against the real parties in interest.  The trial court…

First Circuit Confirms Loan Modification Rendered Borrower’s ‘Standing’ Challenge Moot

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit recently dismissed a borrower’s appeal as moot because the borrower and loan servicer entered into a loan modification agreement while the appeal was pending, meaning the borrower was no longer subject to any actual or threatened foreclosure proceedings. A copy of the opinion is available at:  Link to Opinion In 2005, the borrower obtained a $200,000 loan secured by a mortgage on her home. The mortgage was assigned twice, the last one to a bank as trustee. The first assignee, to whom the note was transferred along with the mortgage, endorsed…